Phases -- Inflation-Adjusting and Varying Income

Use the Retirement Phases section of the Profile tab to configure variations of annual real retirement income for your clients. In the tax mode, this allows you to set-up different tax rates over the course of your client's retirement, which is entered into the tool as an effective tax rate.

The variation of retirement income is modeled in real terms, meaning it is measured in the purchasing power of today's dollars. It remains difficult to create a 10-30 year budget using nominal dollars compounded with inflation. However, building a future budget with the purchasing power of today's dollars is much simpler.

After you have determined the retiree's budget for the length of the planning horizon, the cumulative income needed in each phase can be entered by either clicking the edit.png or double clicking the row of data. You may create up to twenty phases by clicking on the add.png, which will create a popup window for you to name the new phase, determine the length of the phase, and configure the % of Desired Income for the phase.

The phases are configured in chronological order, starting with the earliest phase as the first (top) row in the tab. The variation of income is specified as a percentage of the desired pre-tax income, which is configured in the Income Parameters tab.

The income in each phase can be increased or decreased as necessary for modeling income requirements. View the Pre-Retiree – Defining Income and Wages article for a more detailed discussion of the pre-retirement phase.

Inflation
The nominal retirement income is adjusted incrementally for inflation each year during the Monte Carlo simulation based analysis. The amount of inflation depends on the capital market assumptions being used. These assumptions can be easily configured; please see the Creating Capital Market Assumptions article for more details. Unlike most financial planning tools that keep inflation constant, this application models inflation as varying per a defined distribution with a certain correlation to asset class returns.

Expenses
Typically, discretionary expenses decrease as people get older, but non-discretionary expenses, like medical care, increase with age. Currently, the tool doesn't allow modeling for each expense individually, however, this functionality will be offered soon in a future release of the application.

 

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